The total quota also includes coastal cod, quotas for third countries, and quotas for research and management purposes.
Each year, 14.15 % of the total quota of North-East Arctic cod is allocated to vessels from third countries. This share is based on TAC excluding Norwegian coastal cod and the volume allocated to research and management purposes. The volume of haddock allocated to third countries is adjusted in relation to stock assessments by the ICES.
The distribution of the capelin quota was established for the first time in 1979, with 60 % to Norway and 40 % to Russia. The code of conduct prohibited fishing in the period from 2004 to 2008. Capelin fishing was reopened in the period from 2009 to 2011.
In relation to king crab, only research quotas were agreed upon by the parties from the mid-1990s to 2002. Commercial harvesting of king crab was permitted with effect from the 2002-2003 season. The quotas in the Norwegian and Russian zones were established at 15 % of the estimated number of adult male crabs in each respective zone. In 2006, the parties reached an agreement to individually manage the stocks of king crab.
During the period from 1991 to 2009, and with the exception of research catches and a limited level of direct fishing for the coastal fishing fleet, there was a prohibition on direct fishing of Greenland halibut. In 2010, the parties reached their first agreement on the establishment of a total quota of Greenland halibut and how this should be distributed. The Greenland halibut quota is now shared at 51% to Norway, 45 % to Russia and 4 % to third countries.
Exchange of quotas and mutual fishing in each other's zones has been the rule since 1977. Exchange of quotas is partly related to joint stocks and partly to exclusive stocks in the other country’s separate waters. There is a lower level of exchange of quotas now than during the first years after the establishment of the economic zones in 1977.
idi-theme-font:minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA'>s separate waters. There is a lower level of exchange of quotas now than during the first years after the establishment of the economic zones in 1977. tted monthly by Norway and Russia to the ICES for the current period.